Guest Post By: Jahi Issa Ph.D This content added at the request of the author …The Democrats maintained their control in part because of the Poll Tax legislation they had enacted in 1873 to prevent Blacks, and anyone else the Democrat assessors didn’t like, from voting. Fraud was rampant throughout Delaware’s voting system… Carol E. Hoffecker, Democracy in Delaware: The Story of the First State General Assembly “After passage of the Fifteenth Amendment, the Democratic Party Declared itself the White Man’s Party…” in the State of Delaware. David P. Peltier, Border State Democracy: A History of Voting in Delaware, 1682-1897 The Beginning of Redemption and the New Post Reconstruction Era in America, Part 1 On November 4, 2014 Candidate for the Republican Party, Mr. Lamar Gunn was democratically elected to the Office of Recorder of Deeds in Kent County, by a majority vote. His opponent was the Democratic incumbent Betty Lou McKenna. Gunn, a Dover based financial advisor who was born and reared in the tough environment of Compton, California received 19,247 votes whereas McKenna, a three-term incumbent, received 19,245 votes. Gunn’s victory, according to the States Elections Commission, was by a slim margin of two votes. Delaware law requires that in any election race that has a difference of one-half of 1 percent automatically triggers a verification of absentee ballots. Before the recount, both Gunn and Elections Commissioner Elaine Manlove were positive that a recount result in what the general elections already had resolved–that Gunn, who is Black, would be the first African American Recorder of Deeds for Kent County, Delaware. Intact, before the recount, Commissioner Elaine Manlove is recorded as stating that “all absentee ballots have been reviewed and the mandatory recount will produce the same result.” The Commissioner was so resolute in the efficiency of the counting process that she further stated that she would not attend the Board of Canvass recount based on her confidence in the work already performed by her office to verify the accuracy of the Recorder of Deeds election results. An automatic manual recount of machine ballots and 1,489 absentee ballots proceeded on November 6, 2014 at Kent County Superior Court at 10 a.m. Approximately 30 people who represented the Board of Canvass (ALL-WHITE) consisting of court clerical staff, bank employees, and local attorneys were selected to recount ballots. According to the Chairman of Delaware GOP, Mr. Charlie Copeland, after the first recount, Gunn had won by 3 votes. After the second recount, Gunn had won by 7 votes. The third and final recount Gunn lost by three votes and the presiding Superior court Judge William L. Witham, who oversaw the Board of Canvass, dismissed everyone in the court to allow the Board of Elections (BOE) to review the ballots and determine where the discrepancies existed. Shortly after dismissing everyone, the court hurried the remaining people back into the courthouse as Judge Witham said that he would not be able to honor his previous decision to allow the BOE to review the ballots and had to certify the election for Democratic incumbent Betty Lou McKenna who did not show up for the recount. Many believe that this was voter fraud! The History of voter fraud is profound in Delaware according to historians. As it refers to African Americans it runs even deeper. Several months after passage of the Fifteenth Amendment (The right of citizens of the United States to vote), the Democratic Party of Delaware blatantly professed at its 1870 state convention that it was the “White Man’s Party” and that: The Federal Government and the Government of the State of Delaware were framed by white men for the benefit of white men, and that they are unalterably opposed to any association with Negroes politically or socially, and to any participation by Negroes in the management of the affairs and interests of either general or state government. Although Democratic Party in Delaware during Post Reconstruction often had the upper hand in the disenfranchisement of African Americans in the state, there were times were the Black minority did take the effort to fight back. On October 15, 1880, a few weeks before the national elections, an all-White political club parade represented by the state’s Democratic Party in Wilmington, Delaware was attacked by a well-armed large group (300) of African Americans on Ninth and Walnut Street in front of National Hall (also called Little Africa). Jahi Issa has earned a Ph.D in U.S. history from Howard University and has recently been tried for a minor misdemeanor offense that resulted in a hung jury. The state has decided to retry the case on January 26th. 2015.