A well regulated militia, being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed.In 2008 and 2010, the Supreme Court issued two landmark decisions officially establishing this interpretation. In District of Columbia v. Heller, the court ruled that the Second Amendment protects an individual’s right to possess a firearm, unconnected to service in a militia and to use that firearm for traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home. In dicta, the court listed many longstanding prohibitions and restrictions on firearms possession as being consistent with the Second Amendment. In McDonald v. Chicago 2010, the court ruled that the Second Amendment limits state and local governments to the same extent that it limits the federal government. That means that all of the states governors that follow suit with Obama’s folly could also be sued and impeached.
The Second Amendment to the Constitution was written by James Madison, who became a member of the Philadelphia Constitutional Convention in 1787. It was presented to the House of Representatives in Congress on June 8th 1797, and ratified on December 15th 1791. It was one of a total of 10 amendments drafted by Madison, who is often known as the father of the Bill of Rights, as well as being called the father of the Constitution, for his work on the Constitution with Alexander Hamilton and John Jay.