America’s Birth although much romanticized by movies like “The Patriot” and others, was born out of the same political strife we see in our present day Republic. America’s beginnings where famous orators and firebrands like Patrick Henry and great writers and intellects of political philosophy and thought, like Thomas Jefferson, James Madison,John Adams and many more, were on the verge of declaring the independence of a new nation, culminated with an explosion of new ideas. John Adams, the second president of the new republic, along with his new treasurer Alexander Hamilton were in conflict with Thomas Jefferson the Vice President and James Madison, who was very influential in the congress. John Adams and Alexander Hamilton favored a more British form of government and didn’t think the New American Republic could survive the test of time. In other words they wanted more of a monarchy and a parliament style government. Thomas Jefferson, James Madison and Aaron Burr wanted a Constitutional Republic, close to what we now have. But as John Adams presidency was coming up for re-election he managed to push a law through the congress; an “Alien and Sedition Act” that banned any form of negative comments against the presidential administration with penalties of fines and imprisonment. He actually imprisoned a congressman and fined others. Jefferson, Madison and Burr were strongly opposed to the “Alien and Sedition Act” and when Jefferson was elected as the Republic’s third president, he repealed the Act and reimbursed all of the fines levied by the previous administration. Tensions were so high between the two former friends (Jefferson and Adams) that Adams and his entourage left the presidential house before Jefferson got there. The two never spoke to each other until just before their deaths, when they corresponded by writing. Both men died on July 4th, 1826. The point here is: Both men were patriots and both men wanted what was best for the new republic and in the end the People did not agree with John Adams’ point of view and did not re-elect him to the presidency. As it says in the Declaration of Independence, the power to govern is derived from the people, and of course Thomas Jefferson borrowed this idea from political philosopher John Locke. Locke wrote the “Second Treatise of Government, which clearly states, “the power to govern is derived from the people,” which was published in 1689-1690 but was full of printers errors and was republished in 1764. Of Course his new ideas were in conflict with Britain’s Monarchy and he fled for his life to finish the writing. The point of contention between the warring factions in Adams and Jefferson’s day lay in the direction that the new republic would take. Would it take the direction of Adams and Hamilton’s’ design; that of a British style monarchy or would it take the shape of the Constitutional Republic that it has become. The people made the decision at the voting booth but political strife in America has never subsided. Americans have only been united during war, when threatened by invasion. This proves the point that we can work together when the chips are down. Why then, can’t we work together in Congress for the good of the people? The answer lies in greed and power. Absolute power, corrupts absolutely.