In a landmark ruling, Appeals Court Judge Richard Leon ruled that President Barack Obama’s surveillance policies, acted upon by the National Security Agency, ordering the mass collection of Americans’ telephone data, “almost Orwellian” and likely a violation of the Constitution, according to Yahoo News reporter Oliver Knox. Surveillance programs have been under attack since their existence was revealed and the extent of their reach left many Americans horrified. The Judge dealt a blow to the governments contention that such surveillance is necessary to thwart future terrorist attacks. “Founding Father would likely be “aghast” at the NSA’s activity, said Leon. “The government does not cite a single instance in which analysis of the NSA’s bulk metadata collection actually stopped an imminent attack, or otherwise aided the Government in achieving any objective that was time-sensitive,” Leon wrote. Leon also warned that the so-called war on terrorism realistically “could be forever.” He also expressed concerned about the “almost Orwellian” technology that enables the Government to store and analyze the phone metadata of every telephone user in the United States. He said modern-day surveillance tactics would have been “the stuff of science fiction, at a time a precedent ruling was issued, according to Yahoo news reporter, Oliver Knox. The ruling was stayed pending the Administration’s expected appeal. The White House had no immediate response to the ruling.